More Hours, More Jobs? The Employment Effects of Longer Working Hours

By: Andrews, Martyn J. (University of Manchester)
Gerner, Hans-Dieter (Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg)
Schank, Thorsten (University of Mainz)
Upward, Richard (University of Nottingham)

URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6652&r=ltv

Increases in standard hours have been a contentious policy issue in Germany. Whilst this might directly lead to a substitution of workers by hours, there may also be a positive employment effect due to reduced costs. Moreover, the response of firms differs between firms which offer overtime and those which do not. For a panel of German plants (2001-2006), we analyse the effect of increased standard hours on employment. Using difference-in-difference methods we find that, consistent with theory, overtime plants showed a significant positive employment response, whilst for standard-time plants there is no difference at all between plants which increased standard hours and those which did not.
Keywords: working time, employment, plant-level data, difference-in-differences

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