Job Creation in a Multi-Sector Labor Market Model for Developing Economies

By: Basu, Arnab ; Chau, Nancy H ; Fields, Gary S ; Kanbur, Ravi
This paper proposes an overlapping generations multi-sector model of the labor market for developing countries with three heterogeneities – heterogeneity within self-employment, heterogeneity in ability, and heterogeneity in age. We revisit an iconic paradox in a class of multisector labor market models in which the creation of high-wage employment exacerbates unemployment. Our richer setting allows for generational differences in the motivations for job search to be reflected in two distinct inverted U-shaped relationships between unemployment and high-wage employment, one for youth and a different one for adults. In turn, the relationship between overall unemployment and high-wage employment is shown to be non-monotonic and multi-peaked. The model also sheds light on the implications of increasing high-wage employment on self-employed workers, who make up most of the world’s poor. Nonmonotonicity in unemployment notwithstanding, increasing high-wage employment has an unambiguous positive impact on high-paying self-employment, and an unambiguous negative impact on free-entry (low-wage) self-employment.
Keywords: Harris- Todaro Model.; Multisector Labor Market; Overlapping Generations; Poverty Reduction
JEL: I32 O17
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:11386&r=ltv
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