Hate Is Too Great a Burden to Bear: Hate Crimes and the Mental Health of Refugees

By:Daniel GraeberFelicitas Schikora
Abstract:Against a background of increasing violence against non-natives, we estimate the effect of hate crime on refugees’ mental health in Germany. For this purpose, we combine two datasets: administrative records on xenophobic crime against refugee shelters by the Federal Criminal Office and the IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees. We apply a regression discontinuity design in time to estimate the effect of interest. Our results indicate that hate crime has a substantial negative effect on several mental health indicators, including the Mental Component Summary score and the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 score. The effects are stronger for refugees with closer geographic proximity to the focal hate crime and refugees with low country-specific human capital. While the estimated effect is only transitory, we argue that negative mental health shocks during the critical period after arrival have important long-term consequences.
Keywords:Mental health, hate crime, migration, refugees, human capital
JEL:I10 J15 J24 F22 O15
URL:http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:diw:diwsop:diw_sp1130&r=&r=ltv

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