Strikes, Employee Workplace Representation, Unionism, and Industrial Relations Quality in European Establishments

By: John T. AddisonPaulino Teixeira
Abstract: Using cross-country data, this paper investigates the relationship between workplace representation and strikes. Works councils are associated with reduced strike activity. However, where union members make up a majority of works councillors, such union-dominated councils experience greater strike activity than do their counterparts with minority union membership, and also more strikes than establishments with union workplace representation where union members are in a minority. Dissonance between the parties as to the state of industrial relations is associated with elevated strike activity. Finally, union density at the workplace, if not the presence of collective bargaining, is directly associated with strike incidence.
Keywords: works councils, employee representation, union density, level of collective bargaining, industrial relations quality/dissonance, strike incidence, strike duration, strike frequency, strike intensity
JEL: J51 J52 J53 J83
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:ces:ceswps:_7360&r=ltv

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